Fast facts

Our data and statistics are updated every quarter, based on data provided by Health Protection Scotland (HPS). If you want more information or to see the full document please visit the Health Protection Scotland website.

The latest statistics were taken from HIV infection and AIDS: Quarterly Report to 31st March 2017

HIV testing

During the first quarter of 2017, NHS Scotland laboratories reported positive HIV-antibody test results for 74 individuals not previously recorded as HIV-positive. To put this in context, the total figure for all of 2016 was 285, this represents the lowest annual total since 2003.

Of the 74 recently reported HIV-positive individuals, 57 (77%) are male and 46 (52%) are aged between 25 and 44 years. The probable route of transmission was sex between men (recorded as 'men who have sex with men, or MSM) in 39 cases, heterosexual intercourse in 19 cases, and injecting drug use in 10. Of the 66 diagnoses for which the location of exposure can be presumed, 24 (36%) occurred in Scotland. The transmission category remains unresolved for 6 individuals.

Scotland's HIV positive population

The cumulative total of known total of HIV-positive individuals ever reported in Scotland, as of 31st March 2017, is now 8,748of whom 6420 (73%) are male and 2328 (27%) are female. At least 2,065 (24%) are known to have died.

As of 31st March2017, taking account of deaths, cases known to have left Scotland, and cases presumed to have left Scotland, it is estimated there are 5287 individuals in Scotland living with diagnosed HIV.

Hepatitis C

This virus is closely associated with HIV, mainly through injecting drug use. Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis C can cause complex health and treatment problems.

During 2015, 1,821 new cases of HCV antibody-positivity were diagnosed. This figure compares with 1857 in 2012, and 2,024 in 2014, and an average of 1,866 in the years 2007-2011 and 1,911 from 2012 - 2015. The cumulative number of HCV diagnoses is now 38,577, of whom 17% (6559) are known to have died.

Worldwide

UNAIDS Global Update 2016

It is estimated that there were approximately 36.7 million (between 34 and 39.8 million) people globally living with HIV in 2015.

There were 2.1 million new HIV infections globally in 2015, a 6% decline in the number of infections from 2.2 million in 2010. The number of children newly infected with HIV in 2015 was 150,000 and this is 50% lower than in 2010.

Globally, in 2015 there were an estimated 1.1 million AIDS related deaths. This is down from 2 million in 2005. In 2015, 17 million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy, up from 7.5 in 2010.
46% of all adults living with HIV were accessing treatment in 2015, up from 23% in 2010.
49% of all children living with HIV were accessing treatment in 2015, up from 21% in 2010.